Marcel Duchamp was a French painter who is credited (along with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse) as one of the three artists who helped to revolutionize the plastic arts and were responsible for significant strides in painting and sculpture. He is known as a writer, painter, and sculptor. Duchamp’s work is often associated with Dadaism, though he does not directly associate with Dada groups. I've admired Duchamp and his style since college art history. My favorite piece is Nude Descending a Staircase.
Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 is the first of Duchamp’s paintings to cause controversy. Though lauded as a spectacular piece, jurors and artists alike had a difficult time deciding whether the painting could be considered a cubist piece. After that encounter, Duchamp was careful not to associate his work with any other group. The painting was featured in an avant-garde show in America, shocking and scandalizing American citizens. Nude Descending a Staircase No. 2 was at the center of the controversy.
Duchamp continued to expand the idea of art throughout his career. Toward the end of his life, he began playing chess. Fans and friends alike thought that Duchamp had given up art entirely until the release of his last major work of art, Etant donnes. Duchamp died suddenly in his sleep on October 2, 1968, lauded as one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.